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- Part 10 -

Part 10:

Galileo, the Copernican theory and persecutions - The Maelstrom -
The Kraken - The Dinichrhys - Sanson

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Galileo, the Copernican theory and persecutions

Dialogue taken from episode 26:

{Nadia}I see it now. I guess it moved?
{Jean} The Earth did.
{Nadia}It's not the moon that moved?
{Jean} The Earth is rotating which makes look as if the Moon is moving.
{Jean} This is called the Copernican theory discovered by a scientist in the old days
{Jean} Everyone believed the Sun, Moon, and stars moved around the Earth until this theory came out
{Jean}Then, Galileo proved the theory by using a telescope and suffered persecution.

Jean is right. Galileo suffered persecution due to his support of the Copernican discovery that it's Earth revolving around the Sun and not the contrary.

At that time, Church was not the same of our days and it's difficult for us to understand today the experiences of those long past....

Imagine what it would be like to have such a restrictive authority as the church determining how you live your life. The royal families of Europe, greatly tied in with and influenced by the Roman Catholic Church, in order to keep their country's stability certain, sought to eliminate any sources of separation among their citizens.  A group of magistrates (the "Inquisition") were assigned to find and prosecute those who posed a threat to the order and peace of the nation, considering them as heretics. 

The feeling in Rome was that Copernicus's views would be more devastating to the church than those of Luther or Calvin. Pope Paul V ordered the Inquisition to look into the matter and Galileo was one of the major defendants. He was forced to recant his findings before the Inquisition and spent the last decade of his life under house arrest even though, as modern science has proved, he (as well as the Copernican theory) was totally right.

Can you believe that it wasn't until 1981 that the Catholic church ordered a commission to look into Galileo's case, and another 11 years before the commission acknowledged the "errors" of Galileo's judges?

[More info? You'll find the full article here]

The maelstrom:

First of all...what's a Maelstrom? J

A Maestrom is a kind of huge and powerful whirlpool, dangerous enough to sink ships in the past times. Even Jules Verne talked about the Maelstrom in "20.000 leagues under the sea" when, at the end, the Nautilus is swallowed by it, passing a really bad time. This was the "spark" that made me remember the dramatic scene in "Nadia", during the battle at the Kermadec Tonga Trench (on the left): the submarine, after the destruction of Gargoyle's electromagnet, crashes into the water, sinking down as swallowed by a huge whirpool...Since "Nadia" is based on Verne's book, this is another tribute to it, I guess.

The Kraken:

The Kraken is a legendary sea creature which would attach a ship by grabbing it with its many arms and capsizing it. The crew would drown or be devoured by the monster.

Tales of the Kraken may have been inspired by a real animal, the giant squid Architeuthis dux.

This animal remains elusive because it usually lives in depths of the sea and it rarely seen alive near the surface. The largest giant squid ever measured possessed a body a little under 7 meters in length and arms almost 11 meters in length, with suckers 10 cm in diameter. Giant squid are estimated to grow even larger than this, perhaps as much as 30 meters in overall length

In "Nadia" a kind of kraken is shown in episode 18, when the Nautilus, during its journey to the secret base in the South Pole, is attacked by a giant mollusk. This is obviously a reference to Verne's Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea and the giant squid which attack Captain Nemo's submarine.

The Dinichthys:

Dialogue taken from episode 14:

{Sanson} That sucker's huge !
{Nemo} That's a Paleozoic Dinichthys Armored Fish, from the Devonian Period.
{Sanson} Damn thing scared the hell outta me...
{Sanson} No matter how big the thing is, it still ain't nothin' but a fish !
{Nemo} That gun is useless.
{Sanson} I won't know 'til I try !
{Sanson} This thing ain't nothin'...
{Nemo} That's an armored fish. Its body is covered with tough bone.

The Dinichthys was the biggest member of the family Dinichthyidae ("terrible fishes"). It was a heavily armored primitive fish from the Late Devonian period, living about 400 million years ago. Dinichrhys was not a shark but a placoderm with a shark-like tail. Fossils have been found in Morocco, Africa, Poland, Belgium, and the USA.

This top predator (it was a carnivore) was up 8 meters long and had large, scissor-like cutting jaws with serrated, razor-sharp bones. (Please note that rolling over with your mouse on the image on the right, another picture of the Dinichthys will be shown)

Sanson (and his hair J):

The character Sanson is a reference to The Book of Judges Chapter 13 - 16.  That is the story of Samson, a Judge (which means he was chosen by God to either lead or defend the Hebrew poeple).

Samson was born to a man and his wife who was unable to have children. An angel sent by God promised them they could have a son if they promised to raise him as a "Nazirite". (A "Nazirite" is basically someone who from birth is part of the priest-hood, and as a symbol of their loyalty they never cut their hair.) He grew up to be a very vain person. If he ever cut his hair he would be breaking his promise with God and therefore lose all his strength.

At the same time, Sanson from "Nadia" has enormous amounts of strength. On top of that, he is extremely vain, especially with his hair. Remember when he's in prison (episode 7) and says "And I can't go around getting my hair mussed..." or, above all, when the Tower of Babel fires a demonstration shot and he is frantically trying to fix his hair, crying, "MY HAIR ! MY HAIR !!"? J

[Article written by The Papercow]

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