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- Part 11 -

Part 11:

The maps of Piri Reis - Hanson's office in the Chrysler skyscraper? -
The anachronism of the Eiffel Tower - Punched cards -
Jean's circus vehicle (the moto-wheel) part 2 - The real Nautilus

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The maps of Piri Reis:

In episode 18, Electra shows to Jean an electronic card, which presents the coastlines of all continents, including the Antarctic. But is it possible, that in the beginning of the 20th century mankind could know the course of the coastlines, exactly?

In the beginning of the 18th century (though there are many different presumptions about the exactly date of the discovery) old maps were found in the Topkapi Palast in Istanbul. The maps belonged to the turkish admiral Piri Reis and because of that they become famous under the name “maps of Piri Reis” .

These maps were given to the American cartographer Arlington H. Mallery. He found out, that all drawings were authentic relating to their existence, but Mallery noticed that the drawings are distorted easily. Because of that Mallery decided to consult the cartographer Walters who was working at the Hydrographic Office of the US-Navy. Mallery and Walters constructed an reading-grating and transferred the maps of Piri Reis to a modern globe. They made an interesting discovery. The maps fit perfectly.

The special feature of the maps of Piri Reis are not only that they show the Mediterranean area and the area around the Dead Sea exactly, just as the coastlines of  North and South America.

Source: Erinnungen an die Zukunft”, Erich von Däniken, publishing house: Knaur 1968

Source:  Erinnungen an die Zukunft, Erich von Däniken, publishing house: Knaur 1968

The special feature is that the coastline of the Antarctic and that the topography inside the countries is shown by the maps. This means that mountain ranges, montain tops, ilands, rivers and plateaus are shown exactly, too.

It is quite astonishing that no scientist knew the mountain ranges of the Antarctic, which were shown in the Piri Reis maps, before 1952, although there is a huge ice cap on it. Comparisons between the Piri Reis maps and satellite transmissions made by Professor Charles H. Hapgood and the mathematician Richard W. Stracken, show that the map must be created in a height of ca. 8000 kilometre above Kairo in Egypt (do you remember the Egyptian design in the last episode?)

The Piri Reis maps are not original, they are copies of copies from the originals.Erich von Däniken said: “Whoever has made the originals  more than thousand years ago, must have the ability to fly and to take a photograph.”

(Really thanks to Andreas Vangerow, author of the article. You can send him an e-mail, if you have any question about this topic)


Hanson's office in the Chrysler skyscraper?

What? Seems that the person who has drawn the building where Hanson works probably was inspired by the design of the Chrysler building in New York. Get a look to the pictures. On the left, here is a capture of Hanson's building; on the right there's a picture of the actual Chrysler skyscraper.

It was commisioned by Walter P. Chrysler (the owner of the famous car factory) and was built between 1926 and 1930. Seems obvious why it was chosen as a model: the building is related to automobile industry (and Marie says that Hanson founded an automobile company). The striking resemblance is the top of the building (same arches, although fewer, same triangles on them, same antenna...)

The actual Chrysler building is one of the most represetative examples of Art Deco architecture. When it opened in 1930 it was briefly the tallest building in the world at 319 m. A coincidence is the fact that until the Chrysler building was completed, the tallest man-made structure was the Eiffel Tower, shown in the series as well.

(Article written by Andrei. Really thanks!)


The anachronism of the Eiffel Tower:

Nice curiosity: the Eiffel Tower shown in the series is...anachronistic. J


Take a look at the screenshot on the right, showing the top of the tower as it appears in the series: you'll notice two walkways, one on top of the other, with extremities on each corner (Nadia is standing at the end of one of those extremities).

Both pictures taken from the official site of the Eiffel Tower This is very very similar to the Eiffel Tower we can see today but it didn't look that way in 1889!

In fact, as you can see in the comparison between the two versions of Eiffel Tower, until 1949 or something like that, it was pretty different at top.

Seems it was a fire the cause of the change in aspect.

(Article written by Andrei. Really thanks!)


Punched cards:

In the first episode, after the chase, the Gretan changes to "aerial mode". Probably you noticed how Hanson uses a card with holes punched in it to transform the Gratan. Well, that kind of card exists and it's called..."punched card" (whow, the inventor put all his imagination on this name! J) and it was used in the past for communicating with early models of computers. A hole or the lack of a hole in a card represented information that could be read by these early computers.
In this case, communicating means retrieving a result from the machine or giving a command. Which I think this is the case here. Hanson is giving a command to a somewhat primitive on-board computer, but a computer nonetheless.......

The punched card actually predated computers considerably, originating in 1801 as a control device for mechanical looms.

(Article written by Andrei. Really thanks!)


Jean's circus vehicle (the moto-wheel) - part 2
(the first part is

I found a lot more on the moto-wheel. Kerry McLean is one of our contemporaries passionate about this type of vehicle. But guess what? They existed since 1884 and the first monowheel with an engine dates from 1904. There's an entire page about this topic and it's useless to write something here. Interested on this? Get a look here

(Article written by Andrei. Really thanks!)


The real Nautilus:

Robert Fulton Of course it existed. Well, at least out of Jules Verne's imagination...In fact, though the Nautilus in "Nadia" has been inspired by Verne's books, a few submarines with the same name can be found in not just one but three! It all started in 1800 in France when Robert Fulton built the first submersible craft, commissioned by Napoleon. Testing of this craft, the Nautilus, was successfully carried out in France in 1800-1801, when Fulton and three mechanics descended to a depth of 25 feet. Further tests in Britain, proved successful in destroying heavy brigs in 1805. Jules Verne named his submarine Nautilus after Robert Fulton's Nautilus...curious, isn't it?
The second Nautilus was built in 1886 (pretty close to 1889, uh?) by Andrew Campbell and James Ash. This ship was driven by electric motors powered by a storage battery. The second Nautilus augured the development of the submarine powered by internal-combustion engines on the surface and by electric-battery power when submerged. The last but the most important ship that bears the name Nautilus is USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered ship in history. 1958, U.S. Navy Photo
1958, U.S. Navy Photo The name Nautilus was chosen for the U.S. Navy vessel SSN-571 launched Jan. 21,1954, as the first submarine capable of prolonged, instead of temporary, submersion. Powered by propulsion turbines that were driven by steam produced by a nuclear reactor, the Nautilus was capable of traveling submerged at speeds in excess of 20 knots and furthermore could maintain such a speed almost indefinitely. Much larger than the diesel-electric submarines used during World War II, the Nautilus was 319 feet (97 m) long and displaced 3,180 tons. USS Nautilus is arguably the most famous submarine in the world. It was first in many respects, including being the first nuclear submarine, first submarine to navigate under the North Pole, as well as setting many endurance records for submerged operations. The Nautilus set many standards for future nuclear submarines, including extensive protection against possible radiation contamination and auxiliary diesel-electric power. The vessel was decommissioned in 1980 and went on exhibit, beginning in 1985, at the U.S.S. Nautilus Memorial and Submarine Force Museum in New London, Connecticut, USA..

(part of the text above has been taken from -and it's copyrighted by- the Encyclopedia Britannica. Really thanks to Andrei!
More sources:
here, here, here, here and... the Encyclopedia Britannica J)

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