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- Part 7 -

Part 7

The Bible - Continental drift - The extinction of dinosaurs - The 'missing link'

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The Bible:

Biblical references in "Nadia", as well as in "Evangelion", are sooooo many, even though most of them are heavily 'adapted' to the series, according to -for example- the alternative birth of mankind revealed in the last episodes. Below you'll find an [incomplete] list of them. If you want to suggest new topics, click here..

Noah's arkS: Even though Nadia, in episode 35, mentiones 3 arks, only two of them (Red and Blue Noah) are shown in the series.

Blue Noah keeps the skeletons of a few dinosaurs (ok, according to the Bible, Noah took a breeding pair of every land animal on the planet but...even dinosaurs?!)

Red Noah, instead, is a kind of military and scientific research spacecraft.

The third ark is a mystery. It should be the continent of Atlantis itself, but there are a lot of different opinions about it. Someone thinks it's nothing else that Nemo's secret base at South Pole (where a few theories collocates Atlantis); someone else, instead, thinks it was the place where Atlantean lived, destroyed by the Tower of Babel 12,000 years before.

The creation of mankind is recalled by Adam, the first human being created by God in His own image, after His own likeness. In the series, Adam is the first man created by Atlanteans modifying the DNA (genes) of apes.
The apocalypse: Gargoyle 'judges' Nemo at the end of the series in a sort of divine trial, with himself in the role of God...

{Gargoyle} You are going to be punished for the sins you have committed. I'm a god, after all.

...and giving to the final an apocalyptic connotation. A kind of apocalypse is also shown during Ilion's tale (on the right)

A biblical vocabulary. There's a list of words often used by Gargoyle, especially when he talks about himself as a god. For example, when he menaces to kill Marie and King if Nadia doesn't reveal where Blue Water is (episode 7), he tries to persuade the girl that lying is sin. When Nadia meets again Gargoyle in the beautiful flowery park, he says that their advanced science made all the flowers, trees, and grass: "Already, our power is able to create nature. We are Lords of Creation. The power of science can make us gods". Then, while visiting the base by a kind of train, he mentiones Sodom and Gomorrah:

{Gargoyle} Tonight I will show you\na magnificent sight: the re-enactment of what happened to Sodom and Gomorrah! They were two cities which were wiped clean by the wrath of God.

Talking about this, it's interesting to notice the parallellism between Sodom and Gomorrah and his death. Even the words "divine" and "god" are often used. And what about Jericho, mentioned when Gargoyle decides to use the Atomic Vibration Cannon ("[a weapon] which is said to have destroyed the city of Jericho") to destroy the Nautilus, during the battle at the Kermadec Tonga Trench? The Bible says: "By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they were encircled for seven days" (Heb. 11:30)

Nadia, Grandis, Sanson and Hanson are crucified in episode 8 and 39. Also, Gargoyle declares himself as "God" but, at the same time, his primary weapon, the Tower of Babel, has a name that, according to the Bible, is blasphemous (being the tower itself a way to reach the power of God)

Salt statue: it's the typical symbol of sin, as well as God's favourite way to punish those who've broken His rules (see Gargoyle's death)

The Tower of Babel: built by Noah's descendants to reach the sky (and, with it, the divine power), it's symbol of human bestiality and pride. It's also shown on card 16 of tarots, symbolizing almost every Gargoyle's flaw: megalomania, spite, pride, boundless ambitions and so on. Nobody knows if this tower is just a myth or if it was really built somewhere in ancient times. Lots of people claimed the discovery of its ruins but nobody has any real proof (as it often happens...)
When in Atlantis, the engineer says: "Those who have committed sins have to be punished accordingly. The captain's carrying a heavy cross. He lives for all those who have died...and goes on living because there's something he has to do."

Is this an allusion to Jesus Christ, who carries on His shoulders the grief of the dead and alive and the fate of the rest of humanity? If so, Gargoyle judges and sentence Nemo (who's innocent) as Pontius Pilatus did with Jesus (innocent too), in both cases, in presence of crucified people (in "Nadia", Grandis & Co)

Even that kind of towers with a light at the top, in Atlantis, recalls a cross. Also, isn't it SO similar to the ones shown in Neon Genesis Evangelion, when an angel attacks and/or dies?
Did you ever notice how the Servant Stars (satellites), used to deflect the Light of Babel, have names of angels and demons? One is Michael (Ep37), the other one is Lucifer (Ep38). Quick note: this one is far higher than Michael, something that Nemo forgets pursueing Red Noah in space. This recalls the fact that Lucifer was the nearest (= highest) angel to God, before rebelling and then falling down in hell, defeated by the arcangel... Michael (oh, what a coincidence! JJ)


Other theories:

[Episode 19 : Nemo no shinyu (Nemo's close friend)] : In this episode, Nemo introduces Nadia and Jean to Ilion the whale, one of the last descendants of Atlantean experiments on whales to create faithful servants. There are two important thories discussed on the way:

Continental drift: going up through a tunnel in the ice, using an elevator, Nadia observes what looks like an ancient tree embedded in the glacier.

{Nemo} That's the World Tree. The tree that supports the heavens, whose roots are spread throughout the world. The enormous tree that's said to be the source of all life.
{Nadia} But if a tree is frozen in the ice here, then does that mean that Antarctica used to be in a warm place a long time ago?
{Jean} What're you talking about, Nadia? Antarctica is a huge continent! There's no way that something that big could move!
{Nemo} No, Nadia's right. That continents can't move is just one of humanity's foolish concepts.

At this point, Nemo explains the theory of continental drift about 20 years before its official formulation.  In fact, in 1912, Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) noticed that most of the continents seem to fit together like a puzzle: the west African coastline seems to snuggle nicely into the east coast of South America and the Caribbean sea; and a similar fit appears across the Pacific. Then he proposed that the continents were once compressed into a single protocontinent which he called Pangaea ("all lands"), and over time they have drifted apart into their current distribution. He believed that Pangaea was intact until the late Carboniferous period, about 300 million years ago, when it began to break up and drift apart.
However, Wegener's hypothesis lacked a geological mechanism to explain how the continents could drift across the earths surface as he proposed. In 1929, Arthur Holmes elaborated on one of Wegener's many hypotheses: the idea that the mantle undergoes thermal convection.  This idea is based on the fact that as a substance is heated its density decreases and rises to the surface until it is cooled and sinks again. This repeated heating and cooling results in a current which may be enough to cause continents to move. 

Arthur Holmes suggested that this thermal convection was like a conveyor belt and that the upwelling pressure could break apart a continent and then force the broken continent in opposite directions carried by the convection currents. 30 years after Holmes' idea, after that it received very little attention at the time, greater understanding of the ocean floor and the discoveries of features like mid-oceanic ridges, geomagnetic anomalies parallel to the mid-oceanic ridges,  and the association of island arcs and oceanic trenches occurring together and near the continental margins, suggested convection might indeed be at work.

[Text taken and adapted from this article]


The extinction of dinosaurs:

Later, moving through a horizontal corridor, floating on self-propelled discs, Nadia noticed a group of "monsters" embedded in the glacier.

{Nemo} This is the Ice Museum. Species that went extinct long ago are preserved here. They were Earth's first inhabitants. They were destroyed 70 million years ago by {space} radiation brought on by a change in sunspot activity.

In reality, there are dozen of theories about the extinction of dinosaurs and it would take ages to report them all here. Do you want more info? I've found a very nice page called "101 crazy theories about dinosaur extinction". Worth checking out if you're interested on this topic.


[Episode 37 : Néo Kootei - Emperor Neo ] : In this episode, Nadia learns from Gargoyle the real origin of humans. Meanwhile, Elektra reveals the same secret to Jean.

The missing link:

Elektra reveals Jean that humans are nothing more than living creatures made by Atlenteans to be their servants. Then, when the boy asks: "Then we humans didn't evolve from apes?", she answers mentioning the theory of the missing link:

{Electra} You've heard the phrase, "missing link," haven't you? It means an evolutionary link that's been lost. They say that humans evolved from small apes, but why? Why did humans begin to walk upright, use tools, and develop language? That mystery has never been solved. Humans and apes are linked by the chains of evolution. Humans were taken out of that chain.

Elektra is right. In fact, while in the series everything is explained by a kind of "fast artificial evolution" made possible by Atlantean science, nobody has an answer to the missing link mystery, in reality. Anyway, modern thought is oriented to believe that it can't even be called a "mystery", since the notion that there was a creature, yet undiscovered, who represents a `missing link' between man and ape is almost nonsensical. The evolution of man was an enormously long and complicated process in which no one `link' could possibly vary so much from any other that it would stand out. Further, the notion of a `missing link' is based on a misconception of Darwinian theories of evolution. Darwin neither said nor implied that man is descended from the ape, as `missing link' implies; he merely postulated that man and ape evolved from a common ancestor. In his own words, `man is the co-descendant with other mammals of a common progenitor.'

[Thanks to Tom Burnam]

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